It is essential to understand the total cost of ownership (TCO) of air filters before making any purchasing decisions. There are various factors affecting TCO, such as, energy cost, filter cost, labor, and disposal, to help you make an informed decision.

Energy Cost

Energy consumption is one of the most significant contributors to the TCO of an air filter. Higher energy consumption results in higher operating costs. Factor that affect energy consumption is the pressure drop of filter. Pressure drop is the reduction in air pressure as it passes through the filter media. A higher pressure drop means the HVAC system must work harder, increasing energy consumption and operating costs. To minimize TCO, consider filters with a lower pressure drop that allow for optimal airflow and reduced energy usage.

Filter Cost

The initial purchase price of the air filter is an essential component of TCO. High-efficiency filters may have a higher initial cost, but they often require less frequent replacement and provide better air quality, leading to long-term savings. Consider the overall lifetime value of a filter instead of focusing solely on its initial cost.


The labor cost associated with filter replacement and maintenance contributes to the TCO. High-quality filters typically have a longer lifespan, reducing the frequency of replacements and labor costs. When evaluating TCO, consider the cost of hiring technicians and the time required for filter replacements.


Disposing of used filters contributes to the TCO as it involves costs for transportation and waste management. Selecting filters with extended lifespans and recyclable materials can help reduce disposal costs and minimize the environmental impact.

To calculate the Total Cost of Ownership, it is necessary to first calculate the energy consumption. The energy consumption formula is as follows.

Under Other Costs, there are expenses related to storage, transportation, losses due to damage, and waste disposal costs.


Understanding the total cost of ownership of air filters is crucial for making informed purchasing decisions. By considering factors such as pressure drop, energy cost, filter cost, labor and disposal, cleaning, you can choose the right filter for your needs while minimizing long-term expenses. Remember that investing in high-quality, energy-efficient filters can lead to significant savings and better indoor air quality in the long run.